Strategy for Institutional Openness for Building an Open State in Mexico

In 2015, a constitutional reform on transparency allowed the INAI to propose a specific set of actions to adopt and institutionalize open government principles in Mexico. Thus, it designed a comprehensive strategy that mainly consisted of the implementation of provisions, methodologies and public policies to guide and articulate the design, implementation, and operation of open government in public institutions, the three levels of government and the three branches of government nationwide.

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In 2015, open government in Mexico was making progress at the federal level but was relatively unknown at the local level and in the judiciary and legislative branches.

The General Law of Transparency enabled the creation of a new public policy to comply with its 59th article, which provides for the need to establish mechanisms and procedures for institutional openness. In this regard, the INAI put in place a strategy to develop public policy procedures to diagnose, design, implement, and evaluate the minimum conditions required for Mexican government institutions in order to comply with and act in the spirit of the 59th article of the General Law.

This strategy was deployed by creating a series of norms, methodologies and case studies that have allowed both institutions and members of civil society to start their own open government practices in the three levels of government, as well as other government branches in Mexico. Prior to 2015, a strategy of this kind was nonexistent in Mexico and a similar approach was not found in the international sphere.

The strategy resulted in a broader public policy to boost the implementation of an open State in Mexico. Therefore, it was designed to achieve specific results during the various stages of the public policy cycle looking towards 2030 and a way to meet the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

The strategy is divided into three stages: first, normative design and adequate institutional conditions to implement open government principles, and the establishment of a standard baseline to evaluate open government policies and capacity-building abilities; second, implementation of OG policies at the local level and within the judiciary and legislative branches, the consolidation of the INAI as a national promoter of this strategy, and OG results assessment at the local level; third, OG as an intrinsic value in the public sector, and OG impact assessments at the local level.

The first stage has already been implemented and the second one is moving forward. A hundred public institutions that have participated in local open government exercises and capacity-building and capacity-replication programs have benefited, and a series of products have also been devised for their specific conditions: a) regulations, guidelines and methodologies to lead and standardize the implementation of open government policies; b) an initiative to support local co-creation exercises in the 32 Mexican states to replicate Mexico’s experience in OGP, 28 participating states, 12 local action plans and 71 commitments; c) open government and sustainable development agents of change training programs, 65 trained persons in open government principles and the 2030 Agenda in 15 states; d) OG metrics to measure basic principles and advances at the institutional level; two metrics have been published (2017 and 2019); e) good practices bank, both at national and international levels.

After four years, the following results were achieved: a) a strengthening of local guarantor agencies regarding open government; b) the internalization of open government principles by public institutions and civil society organizations, which furthered the creation of spaces for dialog and cooperation through new forms of collaboration and thus have a positive impact on public affairs; c) stakeholder engagement.

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Year: 2015
Level of government: National/Federal government


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