On-reserve Labour Market Information Survey and Skills Inventory Pilot

There is a significant gap in Labour Market Information for people living on reserves in Canada.  This Pilot project will improve the detail and timeliness of labour force information for on-reserve First Nations (FN) communities towards reducing the skills and employment gaps between First Nations and non-indigenous Canadians, through co-development.
The components to the Innovation are:
1.Annual survey of the entire on-reserve population 15 years or older
2.Skills inventory to support skills development and job matching
3.Ongoing administrative data modelling to validate and augment survey results

Innovation Summary

Innovation Overview

• The Federal Government’s statistics and data collection department, Statistics Canada, does not conduct the monthly Labour Force Survey (LFS) on reserves, and the Census is conducted every five years. Therefore, there is a significant gap in labour market information (LMI) about the on-reserve* population.

• A lack of Indigenous LMI in general, and on-reserve in particular, has implications on federal policy development, program design, and decision-making. For instance, without a clear understanding of the labour market situation on reserves, Labour Market Impact Assessments (LMIAs) conducted by the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) may not fully take the potential availability of Indigenous workers into consideration before approving an employer’s request to hire temporary foreign workers, in a particular location.

• To help address the particular issue of lack of on-reserve labour market information, in Budget 2015, the Government announced $12 M over six years ($2M per year) from 2016-2017 to 2021-2022 to test processes, tools and supports for improving the level of detail and timeliness of labour force information for on-reserve communities.

The key elements of the Pilot include:
• Co-development: Pilot design and implementation is based on consultation, advice and guidance from participating First Nations community service delivery organisations.

Capacity Building: The survey is being conducted for the first time by First Nations communities for the benefit of First Nations communities, which supports a renewed Nation-to-Nation relationship and the spirit of self-determination. Through training and ongoing implementation supports, the Pilot will help increase capacity in FNs communities to develop and manage information about their on-reserve labour force.

• A multi-stakeholder working group that includes First Nations communities, other federal government departments, provinces and the Assembly of First Nations provides project guidance in the spirit of co-development.

• ESDC entered into a Contribution Agreement with an expert Indigenous firm (Aboriginal Employment Services Inc.) with expertise in data collection, surveys and program evaluation to lead the development of survey methodology, questionnaire and progress report; and provide training and supports to community organisations.

*Under the Indian Act of 1876, “the term reserve means any tract or tracts of land set apart by treaty or otherwise for the use or benefit of or granted to a particular band of Indians of which legal title is in the Crown”

Innovation Description

Innovation Development

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Year: 2018
Level of government: National/Federal government


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